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All The Jargon You Need To Know Before Trading Crypto

All The Jargon You Need To Know Before Trading Crypto

Cryptocurrency trading has taken the world by storm, but for beginners, the array of jargon can be overwhelming. Understanding these terms is crucial in navigating this complex market. This article aims to demystify the crypto trading jargon, providing you with the essential vocabulary you need to confidently start your trading journey.

1. Cryptocurrency (Crypto)

At the heart of crypto trading is the term 'cryptocurrency' itself. A cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual form of currency that uses cryptography for security. Unlike traditional currencies issued by governments (fiat money), cryptocurrencies operate on decentralized networks based on blockchain technology.

2. Blockchain

Blockchain is the underlying technology of cryptocurrencies. It is a decentralized ledger that records all transactions across a network of computers. It ensures the integrity and security of the data and eliminates the need for a central authority, making cryptocurrencies potentially immune to control or interference from government entities.

3. Bitcoin (BTC)

Bitcoin, often abbreviated as BTC, is the first and most well-known cryptocurrency. Created by an anonymous entity named Satoshi Nakamoto, it was intended as a peer-to-peer electronic cash system. Bitcoin has paved the way for the development of numerous other cryptocurrencies.

4. Altcoin

Any cryptocurrency other than Bitcoin is generally referred to as an 'altcoin' (alternative coin). These altcoins, such as Ethereum (ETH), Ripple (XRP), and Litecoin (LTC), often aim to improve or modify Bitcoin's technology to offer different or additional capabilities or use cases.

5. Exchange

In crypto trading, an exchange is a platform where you can buy, sell, or trade cryptocurrencies. Some popular exchanges include Binance, Coinbase, and Kraken. Exchanges can be centralized (operated by a specific company) or decentralized (operating as a distributed network without a central authority).

6. Wallet

A wallet in the context of cryptocurrency is a digital means to store, send, and receive cryptocurrencies. There are various types of wallets, including hardware wallets (physical devices), software wallets (programs or mobile apps), and paper wallets (printed keys).

7. Private Key and Public Key

A private key is a secure code that enables you to access and manage your cryptocurrency. It's essential to keep your private key safe and confidential. A public key is like an account number that you share to receive funds. Together, these keys facilitate secure crypto transactions.

8. Mining

Mining is the process of validating new transactions and recording them on the blockchain. Miners use powerful computers to solve complex mathematical problems that validate transactions. As a reward for their work, miners receive cryptocurrency tokens, like Bitcoin.

9. ICO (Initial Coin Offering)

An ICO is a fundraising mechanism where new projects sell their underlying crypto tokens in exchange for Bitcoin or Ethereum. It's similar to an IPO (Initial Public Offering) in the stock market. ICOs are a popular way for crypto startups to raise capital but can be risky for investors due to regulatory uncertainties.

10. HODL

Originally a typo for 'hold,' HODL has become a popular term in the crypto community. It refers to the strategy of holding onto cryptocurrency rather than selling it, based on the belief that its long-term value will significantly increase.

11. Whale

A whale in crypto trading refers to an individual or entity that holds a large enough quantity of a cryptocurrency to influence market prices. Their large trades can impact the market in significant ways.

12. Bear Market and Bull Market

These terms are borrowed from the stock market. A bear market refers to a market that’s declining and where sentiment is pessimistic. Conversely, a bull market is one where prices are rising, and market sentiment is optimistic.

13. Market Cap

Market capitalization, or market cap, in the context of cryptocurrencies, refers to the total value of all coins that have been mined. It's calculated by multiplying the current price of a single coin by the total number of coins in circulation. Market cap is an essential indicator of a cryptocurrency's market value and stability.

14. Smart Contract

A smart contract is a self-executing contract with the terms of the agreement between buyer and seller being directly written into lines of code. They run on blockchain networks like Ethereum and enable automated, trustless transactions without the need for intermediaries.

15. DeFi (Decentralized Finance)

DeFi stands for decentralized finance, an umbrella term for various applications in cryptocurrency or blockchain geared toward disrupting financial intermediaries. DeFi platforms allow people to lend or borrow funds from others, speculate on price movements on a range of assets using derivatives, trade cryptocurrencies, insure against risks, and earn interest in savings-like accounts.

16. Gas Fees

In the context of Ethereum and other blockchains, gas fees are payments made by users to compensate for the computing energy required to process and validate transactions on the blockchain. They can fluctuate based on the network's congestion.

17. Staking

Staking involves holding funds in a cryptocurrency wallet to support the operations of a blockchain network. In return, stakers are often rewarded with additional cryptocurrency. It's a concept associated with the Proof of Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism, where network participants have a stake in the network's smooth operation and security.


The world of cryptocurrency is rich with unique jargon that can initially seem daunting. However, understanding this terminology is a crucial step towards demystifying crypto trading and navigating this market effectively. As a prospective trader, familiarizing yourself with these terms will not only boost your confidence but will also enhance your ability to make informed decisions. The crypto landscape is continuously evolving, and staying abreast of its language and concepts is key to successful participation in this dynamic field.